Which chemicals can cause dermatitis?
Common causes of irritant contact dermatitis include:
- Alkalis like drain cleaners.
- Body fluids, including urine and saliva.
- Certain plants, such as poinsettias and peppers.
- Hair dyes.
- Nail polish remover or other solvents.
- Paints and varnishes.
- Harsh soaps or detergents.
What is the most common cause of contact dermatitis?
Nickel. Nickel is the most frequent cause of allergic contact dermatitis. Between 8% and 11% of women have this allergy.
What chemicals irritate the skin?
|Types and Effects of Chemical Irritants|
|Chemical Irritant||Examples||Found In|
|Strong acids||Sulfuric acid||Battery acid Phosphate fertilizers|
|Nitric Acid||Fertilizers Metal working|
|Strong caustics||Sodium hydroxide||Soaps, detergents Cleaning products Adhesives Paint remover Disinfectants|
Is contact dermatitis caused by hazardous substances?
Occupational irritant contact dermatitis is an inflammation caused by substances found in the workplace that come in direct contact with the skin. Signs of irritant contact dermatitis include redness of the skin, blisters, scales or crusts.
Why do I suddenly have contact dermatitis?
Contact dermatitis is caused by a substance you’re exposed to that irritates your skin or triggers an allergic reaction. The substance could be one of thousands of known allergens and irritants. Some of these substances may cause both irritant contact dermatitis and allergic contact dermatitis.
What causes contact dermatitis to flare up?
External triggers, like allergens and irritants, may make contact with your skin and start a flare-up. Internal triggers, like food allergies and stress, may cause an increase in inflammation in the body that leads to a bad rash.
Can antihistamines help contact dermatitis?
Oral antihistamines may help diminish pruritus caused by allergic contact dermatitis.
Where on the body does irritant contact dermatitis most frequently start?
ICD occurs in the area where the offending chemical touches the skin. Any part of the skin can be affected. The hands and feet are commonly affected but ICD can occur on the face or elsewhere on the body.
What is toxic dermatitis?
Cumulative toxic dermatitis is often observed on the back of the hands and forearms after exposure of several weeks or months. Repeated skin contact by harmless products can also cause cumulative toxic dermatitis. Xerodermatitis is the most frequent type of cumulative toxic dermatitis.
How do you get rid of contact dermatitis fast?
To help reduce itching and soothe inflamed skin, try these self-care approaches:
- Avoid the irritant or allergen. …
- Apply an anti-itch cream or lotion to the affected area. …
- Take an oral anti-itch drug. …
- Apply cool, wet compresses. …
- Avoid scratching. …
- Soak in a comfortably cool bath. …
- Protect your hands.
What irritants can cause dermatitis?
Irritant contact dermatitis may be caused by frequent exposure to a weak irritant, such as soap or detergent.
Common irritants include:
- soaps and detergents.
- antiseptics and antibacterials.
- perfumes and preservatives in toiletries or cosmetics.
- oils used in machines.
- acids and alkalis.