Where is Propionibacterium acnes found?

Where is Propionibacterium acnes most likely to be found?

Propionibacterium acnes is a bacterium commonly found on the skin, in pores and hair follicles. These bacteria play an important part in acne. Their role, though, is more positive than was for a long time thought. Propionibacterium acnes is a bacterium commonly found on the skin, in pores and hair follicles.

Where do you find Propionibacterium?

Propionibacterium acnes is a facultative anaerobic Gram-positive bacterium present on human skin as part of the normal flora, as well as in the oral cavity, large intestine, conjunctiva, and external ear canal (1).

Where specifically on the body would you find Propionibacterium acnes?

granulosum are most abundant in the sebaceous gland-rich sites of the skin, which includes the face and upper trunk, although P. acnes can also be recovered from other body sites including the mouth, gastrointestinal tract and prostate, suggesting potential mutualistic effects that extend beyond the skin [5].

What shape is Propionibacterium acnes?

Propionibacterium acnes (P. acnes) is a ubiquitous, slow growing, rod-shaped, non-spore forming, Gram-positive anaerobe (Figure ​2) found across body sites, including sebaceous follicles of the face and neck (Funke et al., 1997; Grice and Segre, 2011; Findley and Grice, 2014).

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Is Propionibacterium acnes aerobic?

Although Propionibacterium acnes ordinarily grows as an anaerobe, this organism was commonly seen on aerobic primary cultures (directly from skin) of the forehead, axilla, deltoid area, and antecubital fossa. On subculture, strains from aerobic primary cultures showed their normal anaerobic state.

Is Propionibacterium acnes a Diphtheroid?

P . acnes is a Gram-positive pleomorphic diphtheroid-like anaerobic bacillus. Some strains are aerotolerant. It is part of the normal skin flora, especially of the scalp, and is therefore a common contaminant of scalp wound swabs.

How is Propionibacterium acnes contracted?

It isn’t passed from person to person, so you don’t have to worry about “catching” this bacterium and developing acne. P. acnes are generally harmless. But when a plug of dead skin cells and oil blocks the pore opening, it creates an anaerobic environment where the P.

What are the symptoms of Propionibacterium acnes?

Deeper infection with P. acnes are often subtle and difficult to diagnose with subacute infection being the common presentation. Pain, stiffness, and implant loosening can be presenting symptoms.

Does Propionibacterium acnes ferment mannitol?

All the species in this genus can use glucose to produce acid. They test positive for catalase. Species of Propionibacterium are distinguished using indole production, nitrate test, esculin hydrolysis, gelatin liquefication, and other biochemical tests such as the fermentation of sucrose, maltose, and mannitol.