What are the types of occupational dermatitis?
Occupational dermatitis is a skin disease that is caused wholly or partially by the occupation of the individual and manifests as two distinct types; irritant contact dermatitis and allergic contact dermatitis.
What causes dermatitis in the workplace?
Irritants can be chemical, biological, mechanical or physical. Repeated and prolonged contact with water (eg more than 20 hand washes or having wet hands for more than 2 hours per shift) can also cause irritant dermatitis.
There are two main types of work-related contact dermatitis, irritant contact dermatitis and allergic contact dermatitis.
What is the most common type of contact dermatitis?
Irritant contact dermatitis is the most common type. This nonallergic skin reaction occurs when a substance damages your skin’s outer protective layer. Some people react to strong irritants after a single exposure.
What are the main causes of dermatitis?
A common cause of dermatitis is contact with something that irritates your skin or triggers an allergic reaction — for example, poison ivy, perfume, lotion and jewelry containing nickel.
What causes industrial dermatitis?
About 40% of dermatitis cases in the industry are caused by contact with foods. A wide variety of foods have been shown to cause dermatitis including sugar, flour/dough, fruits (especially citrus fruits), vegetables, spices, fish and meats.
What is industrial dermatitis?
Industrial dermatitis is skin disease primarily caused by the industrial environment. It is the commonest occupational disease in industrialised countries.
What causes dermatitis on a building site?
Irritants in the construction industry
Irritant contact dermatitis is the most common cause of occupational contact dermatitis. Continual wetting and drying of the skin, as well as handling some particular substances will cause the skin to dry out, flake, split and crack.
What chemical irritant causes allergic dermatitis?
Common causes of irritant contact dermatitis include:
- Alkalis like drain cleaners.
- Body fluids, including urine and saliva.
- Certain plants, such as poinsettias and peppers.
- Hair dyes.
- Nail polish remover or other solvents.
- Paints and varnishes.
- Harsh soaps or detergents.
What is an example of a substance and its use that is commonly associated with dermatitis?
Irritant dermatitis: This is the most common type. It is not caused by an allergy, but rather the skin’s reaction to irritating substances or friction. Irritating substances may include acids, alkaline materials such as soaps and detergents, fabric softeners, solvents, or other chemicals.
What is the contact dermatitis?
Contact dermatitis is a type of eczema triggered by contact with a particular substance. Eczema is the name for a group of conditions that cause skin to become dry and irritated. Contact dermatitis usually improves or clears up completely if the substance causing the problem is identified and avoided.
What is contact dermatitis HSE?
Work-related contact dermatitis is a skin disease caused by work. It is often called eczema and develops when the skin’s barrier layer is damaged. This leads to redness, itching, swelling, blistering, flaking and cracking. The most susceptible parts of the body are the hands, followed by the forearms and face.
What’s the difference between dermatitis and psoriasis?
Psoriasis is a chronic skin disease. It can cause skin cells to grow so quickly that they accumulate on the surface of the skin. Patches of rough, scaly skin can appear anywhere on the body, including the scalp. Seborrheic dermatitis is a skin condition that can cause rough, scaly skin on the scalp and face.