Why does Australia have the highest skin cancer rate in the world?
Australia and New Zealand have the world’s highest skin cancer rates. Factors include the large percentage of the population with fair skin prone to skin cancers and the high levels of ambient UV radiation.
Why do Australia and New Zealand have the highest skin cancer rates?
New Zealand is located under more of the ozone hole than Australia and is also less polluted, allowing more UV through the atmosphere. Over the years Australians have become more aware of the dangers of melanoma and have adopted a ‘SunSmart’ approach due to on-going skin cancer prevention campaigns.
Is skin cancer increasing in Australia?
Skin cancer is a major cause of illness in Australia
The age-standardised incidence rate of melanoma has increased from 27 cases per 100,000 in 1982 to 49 per 100,000 in 2016.
Why is skin cancer more prevalent today?
The main risk factor for skin cancer is excessive exposure to UV radiation from the sun, which is found to cause 86% of skin cancer cases in the country. The second most common source is exposure to artificial sources of UV radiation from indoor tanning beds and/or lamps.
What country has the highest skin cancer rate?
There were nearly 300,000 new cases in 2018. The top 20 countries with the highest rates of melanoma of the skin in 2018 are given in the tables below.
Skin cancer rates: both sexes.
|Rank||Country||Age-standardised rate per 100,000|
Which state in Australia has the highest rate of skin cancer?
By way of comparison, the age-standardised incidence of melanoma (2004–2008) was 48.7 per 100,000 persons in Australia – highest in Queensland (64.3) and lowest in the Northern Territory (30.5).
Why does Australia have a hole in the ozone layer?
The ozone layer is depleted in two ways. Firstly, the ozone layer in the mid-latitude (e.g. over Australia) is thinned, leading to more UV radiation reaching the earth. … Secondly, the ozone layer over the Antarctic, and to a lesser extent the Arctic, is dramatically thinned in spring, leading to an ‘ozone hole’.
What country has the lowest cancer rate?
Syria has the lowest cancer rate in the world of 85 cases per 100,000 people. Bhutan, Algeria, Nepal, and Oman followed with rates below 100.
Why does skin cancer occur?
Most skin cancers are caused by exposure to ultraviolet (UV) light. When you don’t protect your skin, UV rays from sunlight or tanning beds can damage your skin’s DNA. When the DNA is altered, it can’t properly control skin cell growth, leading to cancer. A number of things can raise your chances of getting it.
What are three causes of skin cancer?
Factors that may increase your risk of skin cancer include:
- Fair skin. Anyone, regardless of skin color, can get skin cancer. …
- A history of sunburns. …
- Excessive sun exposure. …
- Sunny or high-altitude climates. …
- Moles. …
- Precancerous skin lesions. …
- A family history of skin cancer. …
- A personal history of skin cancer.